Explore the works below to learn more about the history of German LGBTQ communities during and after the Holocaust. The following list contains key works in English. For a full list, including works in German, contact Dr. Newsome.
- Beachy, Robert. Gay Berlin: Birthplace of a Modern Identity. (Alfred A. Knopf, 2015).
- Marhoefer, Laurie. Sex and the Weimar Republic: German Homosexual Emancipation and the Rise of the Nazis. (University of Toronto Press, 2015).
Nazi Germany, 1933-1945
English Language Books
- Beck, Gad. An Underground Life: Memoirs of a Gay Jew in Nazi Berlin. Trans. by Allison Brown. (University of Wisconsin Press, 2000).
- Heger, Heinz. The Men with the Pink Triangle: The True Life-and-Death Story of Homosexuals in the Nazi Death Camps. 2nd ed. Trans. by David Fernbach. (Alyson Books, 1994).
- Fischer, Erica. Aimée and Jaguar: A Love Story, Berlin 1943. Translated by Edna McCown. (Harper Collins, 1995).
- Giles, Geoffrey J. “The Persecution of Gay Men and Lesbians during the Third Reich.” In The Routledge History of the Holocaust, edited by Jonathan C. Friedman, 385-396. (Routledge, 2011).
- Grau, Günter and Claudia Schoppman, eds. Hidden Holocaust? Gay and Lesbian Persecution in Germany 1933-45. Translated by Patrick Camiller. (Cassel, 1995).
- Herzog, Dagmar, ed. Sexuality and German Fascism. (Berghahn Books, 2005).
- Huneke, Samuel Clowes. “The Duplicity of Tolerance: Lesbian Experiences in Nazi Berlin” in The Journal of Contemporary History 54.1 (April 2017): 30-59.
- Marhoefer, Lauri. “Lesbianism, Transvestism, and the Nazi State: A Microhistory of a Gestapo Investigation, 1939-1943,” in The American Historical Review. Nr. 121, Issue 4 (October 2016): 1167-1195.
- Schoppmann, Claudia. Days of Masquerade: Life Stories of Lesbians During the Third Reich. Translated by Allison Brown. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.
- Seel, Pierre. I, Pierre Seel, Deported Homosexual: A Memoir of Nazi Terror. Translated by Joachim Neugroschel. (Basic Books, 1995).
- Setterington, Ken. Branded by the Pink Triangle. (Second Story Press, 2013).
- Wackerfuss, Andrew. Stormtrooper Families: Homosexuality and Community in the Early Nazi Movement. (Harrington Park Press, 2015).
- Paragraph 175. Produced and directed by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman. Telling Pictures. 2000. DVD
- We Were Marked with a Big A. Directed by Elke Jeanrond and Joeseph Weishaupt. Produced by: Mediengruppe Schwabing, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, and Norddeutscher Rundfunk.1994. DVD
Curators Corner: The extraordinary stories behind the objects in the US Holocaust Memorial Museum’s collections.
- Frieda Belinfante Collection: The story of a lesbian resistance fighter in the Netherlands.
- Documenting the Nazi Persecution of Gays: the Josef Kohut/Wilhelm Kroepfl Collection.
- USHMM Facebook Live Episode for 2019 LGBT Pride Month: “The Nazi Persecution of the Gay Community during the Holocaust.”
- “Do You Remember When?” Interactive exhibit on the 17-page diary that Manfred Lewin gave to his boyfriend Gad Beck in Nazi Germany.
- USHMM Holocaust Encyclopedia: Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich
- USHMM Holocaust Encyclopedia: Lesbians and the Third Reich