This YouTube playlist contains digital lectures by the world’s leading scholars on queer Holocaust history s well as oral history testimonies from LGBTQ+ survivors.
Count Their Names: The Nazi Persecution of LGBTQ People
Interview with Dr. Jake Newsome (Public Scholar);
Co-sponsored by Congregation Rodeph Shalom, the Philadelphia Holocaust Remembrance Foundation, JProud (of the Jewish Family and Children Services of Greater Philadelphia), and the William Way LGBT Community Center
When the names and numbers of Holocaust victims are commemorated and mourned, one group of victims is often uncounted – LGBTQ+ people. It is for the most shameful reason – the persecution of gay people in Nazi Germany successor states continued after World War II.
(January 2022. Runtime 1 hour 15 mins)
Download this viewing guide that provides the questions discussed during the digital program as well as clickable timestamps that take viewers to the corresponding spot in the YouTube video.
Transgender Experiences in Weimar and Nazi Germany
Sponsored by the Museum of Jewish Heritage
Moderated by Rabbi Marisa Elana James, Director of Social Justice Programming at Congregation Beit Simchat Torah in New York
Before 1933, Germany was a center of LGBT+ community and culture, with several renowned organizations serving and supporting trans and gender non-conforming people. Hitler’s Nazi government, however, brutally targeted the trans community, deporting many trans people to concentration camps and wiping out vibrant community structures. As transgender people are now increasingly targets of discriminatory legislation and hate, join the Museum for a program exploring these stories and experiences prior to and during the Holocaust. This panel conversation features Dr. Anna Hájková, Associate Professor of Modern European Continental History at the University of Warwick; Dr. Katie Sutton, Associate Professor of German and Gender Studies, School of Literature, Languages and Linguistics at Australian National University; and Dr. Bodie A. Ashton, a Postdoctoral Researcher and Lecturer at Universität Erfurt.
(June 2022; Runtime: 1 hour 5 minutes)
Gay Berlin: Birthplace of a Modern Identity
By Dr. Robert Beachy (Professor of History, Yonsei University)
Sponsored by the Museum of Jewish Heritage and moderated by Eric Marcus (founder of the “Making Gay History” podcast)
Decadent, pre-WWII Berlin was the undisputed gay capital of the world—as imagined in “Cabaret,” and more recently in the TV shows “Babylon Berlin” and “Transparent.” Professor Robert Beachy’s “Gay Berlin” chronicles the milieu that gave rise to the international gay rights movement, with key strides made for scientific research, advocacy, and visibility—before the Nazis came to power.
(June 2019. Runtime: 1 hour 7 mins)
The Nazi Policy against Homosexuals: Policing Behavior in the People’s Community
By Dr. Jennifer V. Evans (Professor of History, Carleton University, Ontario)
Presented by the Center for Austrian Studies and CHGS, cosponsored by Metropolitan State University and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
(March 2018. Runtime: 1 hour)
Transgender Identities and the Police in Nazi Germany
By Dr. Laurie Marhoefer (Professor of History, University of Washington)
Before the Nazis came to power, Germany was one of the global centers of trans activism and home to a thriving subculture of people with transgender identities. You could legally change your birth-assigned sex in some German cities even before 1900. The Nazis changed this. They brutally enforced Germany’s law against “cross-dressing.” Yet many trans people seem to have nevertheless found ways to escape the violence, especially if they were not defined as “racial enemies” of the state. This talk looks at transgender activism before 1933 and discusses what happened to trans people under the Nazi State.
(May 2019. Runtime: 52 mins)
The Daring Life and Dangerous Times of Eve Adams – Book Talk & Panel Discussion
By Jonathan Ned Katz
Eve Adams was a rebel. Born Chawa Zloczewer to a Jewish family in Poland, Adams emigrated to the United States in 1912. She took a new name, befriended anarchists, sold radical publications, and ran lesbian and gay-friendly speakeasies in Chicago and Greenwich Village. Then, in 1925, Adams risked all to write and publish a book titled Lesbian Love. In a repressive era, when American women had just gained the right to vote, Adams’ association with notorious anarchists caught the attention of the young J. Edgar Hoover and the U.S. Bureau of Investigation, leading to her surveillance, arrest, and ultimate deportation into the Nazis’ reign of terror, where she was sent to Auschwitz and killed. In The Daring Life and Dangerous Times of Eve Adams, historian Jonathan Ned Katz has recovered Adam’s extraordinary story of Adams. He shared his research and what went into the first biography of Adams. He was joined by speakers from the NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project to provide historic context for Adams’ story in our neighborhoods. Presented in partnership with the Museum of Jewish Heritage and the NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project.
(June 2021. Runtime 1 hour 11 mins)
Persecution of Homosexuals in Germany during and after the Holocaust
By Dr. Geoffrey Giles (Professor Emeritus of History, University of Florida)
(October 2016. Runtime: 1 hour 15 mins)
The Nazi Persecution of Gay People
US Holocaust Memorial Museum Facebook Live episode with guest Dr. Jake Newsome (Public Scholar)
Within weeks of the Nazis’ rise to Power in January 1933, the Nazis drove Germany’s gay culture underground and waged a violent campaign against homosexuality. Over the next 12 years, more than 100,000 men were arrested for violating Germany’s law against “unnatural indecency among men.” During this time, proof was often not required to convict an individual. Some were sent to concentration camps and subjected to hard labor, cruelty, and even medical experiments aimed at “curing” them. Join the USHMM a Pride Month Facebook Live as they give voice to a community silenced during the Holocaust.
(June 2019. Runtime 33 mins)
Pink Triangle Memories: Transatlantic Gay Rights in the Shadow of the Holocaust
By Dr. Jake Newsome (Public Scholar)
Which policies and social customs created the myth that LGBTQ individuals were “forgotten victims” of the Nazi regime? What role did Holocaust memories play in transnational gay liberation movements beginning in the 1970s? How did social activism influence historical scholarship and the movement to memorialize LGBTQ victims? In this lecture, Holocaust historian Dr. Jake Newsome discusses civil liberties, sexual identity, and the politics of memory by tracing the transformation of the pink triangle from a concentration camp badge into a marker of gay liberation, community, and pride.
(January 2021. Runtime 20 mins)