Explore the works below to learn more about the history of German LGBTQ communities during and after the Holocaust. The following list contains key works in English. For a full list, including works in German, contact Dr. Newsome. 

Imperial & Weimar Germany 1871-1933

Nazi Germany, 1933-1945

Autobiographical Accounts

English Language Books & Articles


  • Paragraph 175.  Produced and directed by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman. Telling Pictures.  2000. DVD
  • We Were Marked with a Big A. Directed by Elke Jeanrond and Joeseph Weishaupt. Produced by: Mediengruppe Schwabing, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, and Norddeutscher Rundfunk. 1994. DVD

Curators Corner:  The extraordinary stories behind the objects in the US Holocaust Memorial Museum’s collections.

Online Resources

Germany After the Holocaust

  • Evans, Jennifer. “Harmless kisses and infinite loops: Making space for queer place in twenty-first century Berlin.” In Queer Cities, Queer Cultures: Europe since 1945, edited by Matt Cook and Jennifer V. Evans, 75-94. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.
  • Herzog, Dagmar. Sex after Fascism: Memory and Morality in Twentieth-Century Germany. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005. 
  • Jensen, Erik N.  “The Pink Triangle and Political Consciousness: Gays, Lesbians, and the Memory of Nazi Persecution.”  Journal of the History of Sexuality 11, No. 1/2 , Special Issue:  Sexuality and German Fascism. (Jan. – Apr., 2002): 319-349.
  • Kurze, Arnaud. “The Coming Out of Memory: The Holocaust, Homosexuality, and Dealing with the Past.” Kritika Kultura, Issue 33-34 (2020): 761-785.
  • Moeller, Robert.  “Private Acts, Public Anxieties, and the Fight to Decriminalize Male Homosexuality in West Germany.” Feminist Studies 36, no. 3 (Fall 2010): 528-552.
  • Newsome, W. Jake “Liberation Was Only for Others: Breaking the Silence in Germany Surrounding the Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals.” In The Holocaust in History and Memory, Vol. 7 (2014): 53-71.  (PDF)
  • Rorholm, Marnie and Kem Gambrell. “The Pink Triangle as an Interruptive Symbol.” Journal of Hate Studies 15, no. 1 (2019): 63-81. 
  • Seifert, Dorthe. “Between Silence and License:  The Representation of the National Socialist Persecution of Homosexuality in Anglo-American Fiction and Film.”  History and Memory 15, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2003):  94-129. 
  • Whisnant, Clayton J.  Male Homosexuality in West Germany: Between Persecution and Freedom, 1945-1969. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
  • Wilke, Christiane Wilke. “Remembering Complexity? Memorials for Nazi Victims in Berlin.” International Journal of Transitional Justice. 7, no. 1 (March 2013): 136-156.